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Before the practical test you will be asked a couple of questions about basic car controls, safety checks or maintenance. You may also have to physically demonstrate the actions required. Failure on one or both of the show me tell me questions will result in one minor fault.

Q1. Open the bonnet identify, where you would check the engine oil level and tell me how you would check that the engine has enough oil.

Identify the dipstick, pull it out, wipe it clean with a tissue and check the oil level against the min/max markings.

Q2. Open the bonnet, identify where the brake fluid reservoir is and tell me how you would check that you have a safe level of hydraulic brake fluid.

Identify the brake fluid reservoir and check the fluid level against the min/max levels.

    Q3. Open the bonnet, identify where you would check the engine coolant level and tell me how you would check the engine has the correct level.

    Q4. Identify where the windscreen washer reservoir is and tell me how you would check the windscreen washer level.

    Identify the reservoir and explain how to check the level.

    Identify the coolant tank and check the min/max markings. If the coolant is below the min mark then more coolant will need to be added. To do this, unscrew the cap and pour in coolant until the max mark is reached.

    Q5. Show me/explain how you would check that the power assisted steering is working before starting a journey.

    If the steering becomes heavy the steering may be faulty. Before starting a journey two simple checks can be made.

    (a) Gentle pressure on the steering wheel, maintained whilst the engine is started, should result in slight but noticeable movement as the system begins to operate.

    (b) Turning the steering wheel after just moving off will give an immediate indication that the power assisted steering is functioning correctly.

    Q6. Show me how you would check that the horn is working (off road only).

    Press the horn and listen.

    Q7. Show me how you would check that the brake lights are working on this car. (I can assist you, if you need to switch the ignition on, please don't start the engine).

    Operate brake pedal, make use of reflections in windows, garage doors, etc, or ask someone to help (may need to switch ignition onbut don’t start engine)

    Q8. Tell me how you would check that the brakes are working before starting a journey.

    As you move off check the brakes. They should not feel spongy and the car should not pull to one side.

    Q9. Tell me how you would check that the headlights and tail lights are working.

    Turn on lights (turn ignition if necessary), walk around car and check that the lights are on.

    Q10. Show me how you would check that the direction indicators are working correctly.

    Activate the indicators or hazard warning lights and walk around the car to see if all the indicators are working correctly.

    Q11. Tell me where you would find the information for the recommended tyre pressures for this car and how tyre pressures should be checked.

    Information will be found using the car manufacturer's manual and sometimes on a sticker near the driver door sill. Check the tyre pressures by using a reliable pressure gauge when the tyres are cold or at the garage air pump. Don't forget the spare and remember to refit the valve caps.

    Q12. Tell me how you would check the tyres to show that they have sufficient tread depth and that their general condition is safe to use on the road.

    A safe tyre will have no cuts or bulges. The tread depth should be at least 1.6mm across the central 3/4s of the breadth of the tyre and around the entire outer circumference.

    Q13. Show me how you would check the parking brake for excessive wear.

    Apply the parking brake. When it is fully applied it should secure itself.

    Q14. Tell me how you make sure your head restraint is correctly adjusted so it provides the best protection in the event of a crash.

    The head restraint should be adjusted so the rigid part of the head restraint is at least as high as the eye or top of the ears, and as close to the back of the head as is comfortable. Some restraints might not be adjustable.

    Q15. Show me how you would clean the windscreen using the windscreen washer and wipers .

    Operate control to wash and wipe windscreen (turn ignition on if necessary). Pull wiper stalk towards you to put screenwash onto the windscreen.

    Q16. Show me how you would set the demister controls to clear all the windows effectively, this should include both front and rear screens.

    Set all relevant controls including: temperature, fan and air direction / source and heated screen to clear windscreen and windows. Engine does not have to be started for this demonstration. (Rotate the 3 controls shown all to the right).

    Q17. Tell me how you would know if there was a problem with your anti-lock braking system.

    Warning light should illuminate if there is a fault with the anti-lock braking system.

    Q18. Show me how you switch your headlight from dipped to main beam and explain how you would know the main beam is on whilst inside the car.

    Operate switch (with ignition or engine on if necessary), check with main beam warning light (blue).

    Q19. Show me how you would switch on the rear fog light(s) and explain when you would use it/them. (No need to exit vehicle).

    Operate switch (turn on dipped headlights and ignition if necessary). Check warning light is on. Explain use – visibility less than 100 metres.

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